Impact of Recent (2022) Floods on the Economy of Pakistan
Pakistan’s economy has suffered significantly as a result of the recent floods. The floods, which began in July 2020, harmed over 20 million people, destroyed or damaged over 1.7 million homes, and wreaked havoc on infrastructure and agricultural regions.
One of the most serious economic consequences of the floods is the loss of agricultural produce. Floods have destroyed or damaged crops and cattle in Pakistan, resulting in considerable financial loss for farmers and rural populations. This has also resulted in food insecurity and increased food costs, which will have an additional negative impact on the economy.
Floods have also damaged infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and buildings, which will necessitate large investments to repair and reconstruct. This will increase the government’s already massive debt and draw resources away from other economic growth initiatives. The floods have also harmed Pakistan’s tourism industry, which is a major source of foreign cash. Many tourists have cancelled their intentions to visit the country, resulting in lost revenue for hotels, restaurants, and other tourism-related enterprises.
Housing, agriculture and livestock, and transportation and communications also incurred considerable losses, totaling USD 5.6 billion, 3.7 billion, and 3.3 billion, respectively. Sindh has suffered the most damage and loss, accounting for about 70% of all damages and losses, followed by Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Punjab.
According to the assessment, total damage has exceeded USD 14.9 billion, with total economic losses r around USD 15.2 billion. The estimated needs for resilient rehabilitation and reconstruction are at least USD 16.3 billion.
The 2022 floods had a severe negative impact on output, which varies significantly by location and sector, adding to the country’s existing economic challenges. The direct economic impact of the floods is expected to be roughly 2.2 percent of FY22 GDP. Agriculture is expected to shrink the greatest, accounting for 0.9 percent of GDP. Agriculture’s damage and losses will have an impact on industry, foreign trade, and the service sectors.
Given Pakistan’s limited budgetary resources, significant international assistance and private investment is required for a full and resilient recovery. The Pakistani government is determined to expedite reforms in order to produce greater domestic budgetary resources and increase the efficiency and targeting of government spending. Beyond the urgent demands of flood restoration, these reforms will be critical in generating budgetary room to invest more broadly in more climate-resilient infrastructure and climate change adaptation, as well as in building buffers to meet future shocks while correcting macroeconomic imbalances. This government commitment will also be crucial in mobilising further foreign funding as well as unlocking private sector financial sources—both of which will be absolutely critical in dealing with the current climate change-induced shock.
Usman Rasheed & Co Chartered Accountants is a leading financial and corporate advisory firm in Pakistan, having offices in Islamabad, Quetta, Lahore, Karachi & Peshawar. The firm is providing Audit, Tax, Corporate, Financial, Legal & Secretarial Advisory services and other related assistance to local and foreign private, public and other organizations working in Pakistan